Only a few product which was taped had been coded. As our focus ended up being on scripted development, we excluded day-to-day news broadcasts, game shows, sports programs and events, and paid development, in addition to all kinds of commercials as well as other promotions ( ag e.g., teasers for system programs). Although music videos had been taped, these people were coded and analyzed individually because of the unique faculties and are maybe maybe not reported right here. The analyses introduced in this paper, but, do through the nonmusic video clip programming from cable music entertainment channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth shows.
In addition, demonstrates had been incomplete simply because they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. are not coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the test.
The sample that is final the 2001 2002 period contains 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the last sample when it comes to 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The test when it comes to 2nd content analysis ended up being significantly bigger than the very first 12 months’s test that we had three episodes of each nonsyndicated series as we made a concerted effort in year 2 to ensure. Despite strict adherence towards the sampling plan, additional taping had been needed whenever, for instance, brand brand new programs joined the fall lineup following the start of year to replace for cancelled programs or if the time and time slot for a string ended up being changed.
The codebook for the larger research ended up being based considerably in the factors manufactured by Kunkel and colleagues (1999, 2001, 2003) within their content analyses conducted for the Kaiser Family Foundation.
We created extra things, including those on exact same intercourse sexual behavior and sexual talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. In comparison to Kunkel and peers, whom utilized the scene because the unit that is primary of, our content analyses involved coding for intimate content in 2 moment intervals of system time. Because scenes vary quite a bit in total and, therefore, never offer a consistent product of measure to make evaluations across programs, we utilized a coding that is standard according to time. Coding news programming in designated time periods has been utilized usually by other scientists conducting content analyses across different program genres including films, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).
For purposes with this content analysis, sex ended up being thought as any depiction of sexual intercourse, intimately suggestive behavior, or any speak about sex or sexual intercourse. To be conservative and prevent overcoding sexual content, communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual messages pertaining to relationship and relationships, that have been maybe maybe not coded. As an example, a declaration such as вЂњEveryone loves my boyfriendвЂќ wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as вЂњI made like to my boyfriendвЂќ will be coded.
Exact exact exact Same intercourse intimate behavior
Every 2 minute period that were coded as containing a minumum of one style of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing https://www.camsloveaholics.com/, intimate touching, sexual intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, as well as other intimate behavior 2 has also been examined when it comes to existence of exact same intercourse behavior that is sexual. With this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted within the period took place between two different people associated with the sex that is same.
Speak about nonheterosexual issues that are sexual
Each 2 minute period that have been coded as containing a minumum of one example of talk through the intimate talk groups found in the primary coding task ( e.g., responses about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, speak about intercourse which has had currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) had been additionally coded for whether some of the intimate talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. With this product, programmers once once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the intimate talk reflected the intimate passions or concerns of nonheterosexual individuals. Usually, such commentary linked to gays and lesbians, although sometimes these people were connected with bisexuals.